Andressa Lima de Brida, Silvia Renata Siciliano Wilcken, Luis Garrigós Leite, Flávio Roberto Mello Garcia


Drosophila suzukii is considered one of the most important pests of fruit farming. Due to its rapid expansion, control alternatives of this fly should be investigated. The use of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) represents an important tool in the control. This study aimed to evaluate the virulence of EPNs isolates in pupae and the repercussion in adults of D. suzukii in laboratory. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with five treatments and five replicates. Each plot consisted of a Petri dish lined with two sheets of filter paper. The isolates Heterorhabditis amazonensis IBCBn 24, Heterorhabditis indica IBCBn 05, Steinernema carpocapsae IBCBn 02 and Steinernema feltiae IBCBn 47 were inoculated into 2 mL at the concentration of 1,000 infective juveniles IJs/mL. The control treatment consisted of 2 mL distilled water. After inoculation, five pupae of D. suzukii were placed in the Petri dishes, which were then sealed and stored in a BOD climate chamber at 26 ± 1ºC, 70 ± 10% RH in the dark. Assessments were performed daily until the emergence of adults. Dead pupae and adults were dissected for the observation and quantification of IJs. The isolates, H. indica IBCBn 05, H. amazonensis IBCBn 24, S. carpocapsae IBCBn 02 and S. feltiae IBCBn 47, infected and made unviable 35.0, 16.0, 13.0 and 43.0% in pupae and 47.0, 80.0, 84.0 and 57.0 % in adults of D. suzukii. H. indica IBCBn 05 obtained the highest number of IJs produced in pupae and adults, 35.0 and 125.0.

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